IFOM Cancer predisposition and genetic testing - Pills of science

Pills of science

Cancer predisposition and genetic testing

Immunotherapy is one of the most innovative and promising strategies for cancer treatment. How does it work? Which are the molecular mechanisms underlying this approach? How many drugs are available?

Cancer is a genetic disease

In some families cancer risk is higher than in the rest of the population. Why? Which kinds of tumours have a hereditary basis? Which are the differences among them? And what kind of information a genetic test can provide to a high-risk cancer family?

Youscientist . Cancer predisposition and genetic testing

Sporadic and hereditary tumours

Cancer is caused by the accumulation of mutations in the cell genome. Some mutations are caused by external agents, other by internal ones. Some mutations can also be inherited by our parents. What is the difference between sporadic and hereditary tumours?

Youscientist . Cancer predisposition and genetic testing

Hereditary cancer syndromes

In some families cancer risk is higher than in the rest of the population. What does it mean to have a genetic predisposition to cancer? How many hereditary cancer syndromes exist?

Youscientist . Cancer predisposition and genetic testing

Genetic tests

What is a genetic test? How is genetic test done and what kind of information does it provide? Let’s see what happens when a member of a high-risk cancer family decides to perform a genetic test.

Youscientist . Cancer predisposition and genetic testing